I am an Associate Professor of Linguistics at the University of Minnesota Duluth. In Spring 2016 I was a residential fellow at the Institute for Advanced Study at the University of Minnesota Twin Cities, completing a book project on language contact in Belize.


I received my Ph.D. from Yale University in 2009. My advisor at Yale was Larry Horn. Before I went to Yale I did an M.A. in linguistics and literature at the University of North Texas, where my advisor was Haj Ross.

Academic Appointments

I have been at the University of Minnesota Duluth since the fall of 2011. From 2008-2011, I was a lecturer in the Department of English at the University of British Columbia Vancouver.


I do research in sociolinguistics and the semantics-pragmatics interface. I’m interested in Creole languages of the U.S. and Caribbean as well as regional and social variation in the U.S., including African American Language and Southern vernacular Englishes.

I use a wide variety of methods in my research, including ethnographic interviews, experimental video, quantitative surveys, and corpus data. My favorite topics include language ideologies and dimensions of meaning, and I’ve spent a lot of time in Belize working in these areas with the Creole language. I’m looking forward to future projects on Creole as spoken in the U.S. and on relations between Creole and African American Language.


At UMD I teach courses in sociolinguistics, semantics/pragmatics, and phonetics/phonology.